From Empires to NGOs in the West African Sahel: The Road to Nongovernmentality (African Studies)

By Professor Gregory Mann

This publication seems to be past the normal historical past of former empires and new geographical regions to think about newly transnational groups of cohesion and reduction, social technological know-how and activism. almost immediately after independence from France in 1960, the folk residing alongside the Sahel - a protracted, skinny stretch of land bordering the Sahara - grew to become the themes of human rights campaigns and humanitarian interventions. simply whilst its states have been most powerful and so much formidable, the postcolonial West African Sahel grew to become fertile terrain for the construction of novel types of governmental rationality learned via NGOs. The roots of this "nongovernmentality" lay partially in Europe and North the United States, however it flowered, sarcastically, within the Sahel. This publication is exclusive in that it questions not just how West African states exercised their new sovereignty but additionally how and why NGOs - starting from CARE and Amnesty overseas to black internationalists - started to suppose parts of sovereignty in the course of a interval during which it used to be so hugely valued.

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By Professor Gregory Mann

This publication seems to be past the normal historical past of former empires and new geographical regions to think about newly transnational groups of cohesion and reduction, social technological know-how and activism. almost immediately after independence from France in 1960, the folk residing alongside the Sahel - a protracted, skinny stretch of land bordering the Sahara - grew to become the themes of human rights campaigns and humanitarian interventions. simply whilst its states have been most powerful and so much formidable, the postcolonial West African Sahel grew to become fertile terrain for the construction of novel types of governmental rationality learned via NGOs. The roots of this "nongovernmentality" lay partially in Europe and North the United States, however it flowered, sarcastically, within the Sahel. This publication is exclusive in that it questions not just how West African states exercised their new sovereignty but additionally how and why NGOs - starting from CARE and Amnesty overseas to black internationalists - started to suppose parts of sovereignty in the course of a interval during which it used to be so hugely valued.

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One hundred twenty N’Dongo (1975), 83–4; Min. Interieur, DSN to Chef de l. a. 5ème department des R. G. , June 19, 1969, CAC 19940023, artwork. 20. 121 Min. Interieur, DSN to Chef de los angeles 5ème department des R. G. , June 19, 1969, CAC 19940023, paintings. 20. 122 N’Dongo (1975), eighty three. 123 The time period “diatigi” is a Mandekan time period that bears a few rationalization. One’s host is named a “diatigi”; she or he (diatigimuso) is held to be answerable for taking care of viewers, and if useful serving as an interlocutor with locals in a overseas position. this is often, in fact, in general a good dating, and long term visitors quite often hire the family members identify (jamu) in their diatigi.

We should always were the following previous” nonetheless, CARE didn't come to Niger. quite, Niger had come to CARE, within the kind of a call for participation by means of President Diori, who seized at the probabilities of nongovernmental politics early. fifty four In 1972, ahead of the worst results of the Sahelian drought had really end up felt, representatives of the Nigerien executive in Washington and long island made touch with CARE, which quickly dispatched Peter Reitz to Niamey to scout for percentages. fifty five There the weather for intervention was once favorable: President Diori’s family with France have been strained, American diplomats inspired CARE intervention, and US-AID looked to be looking for partnerships that may enable it to be concerned with out venture its personal courses.

Led via the Ivoirian Félix Houphouët-Boigny, the RDA had made up our minds to wreck with the PCF altogether. Keita disagreed strongly, yet his commitment to get together self-discipline might ultimately oblige him to simply accept a maneuver designed to make the occasion much less threatening to the colonial nation and more beneficial in its metropolitan legislative coalition. 25 journeyé have been persuaded to keep on with the recent social gathering line, and over the following few years may paintings to maintain his CGT and his RDA actions detailed. 26 For Keita, this compromise should have been in particular galling.

Chicago: college of Chicago Press. Index Abelin, Pierre 225 Adams, Samuel 206 AEF (Afrique Equatoriale Française) 30–32, 104n46 see additionally Cameroon; Chad; Congo-Brazzaville; Gabon AFASPA (Association française d’amitié et de solidarité avec les peuples d’Afrique) eleven, 213n18 advocacy for US-RDA prisoners 225–31 famine reduction efforts one hundred seventy five, 197–200, 205, 226 African constitution on Human and People’s Rights 232 African-American political activism 176, 203, 204–7 see additionally Africare; RAINS. Africanization 62–63, 64–65, 79n164 Africare eleven reduction.

Stanford, CA: Stanford collage Press. Thompson, Virginia, and Richard Adloff. 1981. clash in Chad. Berkeley, CA: Institute of foreign experiences. Ticktin, Mariam. 2011. Casualties of Care: Immigration and the Politics of Humanitarianism in France. Berkeley: college of California Press. Tidjani Alou, Antoinette. 2010. Ancestors from the East, Spirits from the West: Surviving and reconfiguring the exogenous violence of worldwide encounters within the Sahel. magazine des Africanistes eighty, 1–2: 75–92. Tilley, Helen.

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