The Ethiopian Revolution 1974-1987: A Transformation from an Aristocratic to a Totalitarian Autocracy (LSE Monographs in International Studies)

By Andargachew Tiruneh

This publication is the main entire account of the Ethiopian revolution presently to be had, facing virtually the total span of the progressive government's lifestyles. specific emphasis is put on successfully keeping apart and articulating the explanations and results of the revolution. Dr. Tiruneh makes vast use of fundamental resources written within the nationwide legit language, and is the 1st Ethiopian nationwide to put in writing in this topic. This booklet is therefore a different account of a desirable interval, shooting the temper of the revolution as by no means sooner than, but firmly grounded in scholarship.

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By Andargachew Tiruneh

This publication is the main entire account of the Ethiopian revolution presently to be had, facing virtually the total span of the progressive government's lifestyles. specific emphasis is put on successfully keeping apart and articulating the explanations and results of the revolution. Dr. Tiruneh makes vast use of fundamental resources written within the nationwide legit language, and is the 1st Ethiopian nationwide to put in writing in this topic. This booklet is therefore a different account of a desirable interval, shooting the temper of the revolution as by no means sooner than, but firmly grounded in scholarship.

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31 The names of the recent cupboard individuals have been The city rebellion of January to June 1974 now not introduced till 22 March,32 simply because they have been resident in another country on the time in their appointment. 33 The March 1974 resistance to Endalkachew's govt was once no much less severe than the resistance of the former months. happy, it appeared, with what that they had accomplished, the NCO-led mutineers went to the King, thanked him for the pay raises, expressed their loyalty to the Crown, passed over the individuals of the previous cupboard whom they'd detained and retired to their barracks.

A hundred and five (2) city dwellers' institutions The peasant institutions and the city dwellers' institutions (UDA) are a contribution of the hot govt to the social and one hundred fifteen Il6 youth OF POST-REVOLUTIONARY ORDER political scene of Ethiopia. those and different mass enterprises have been crucial boards within which the fight for strength by way of numerous factional contenders, together with the Derg, used to be fought out in next years. it truly is probably to be able to say a couple of phrases on UDAs in terms of explaining their crucial gains in addition to these of the peasant institutions seeing that they're either essentially an analogous.

Eleven. sequence. »R387. ninety five. T57 ! 993 963. 07-^20 92-6554 GIP ISBN o 521 43082 eight hardback Transferred to electronic printing 2004 Contents record of maps and tables web page ix Acknowledgements record of abbreviations i x xii The historical past to the emergence of the structural trouble i half I THE cave in OF THE OLD-STATE (JANUARY-NOVEMBER I974) 2 The city rebellion of January to June 1974 37 three The turning of an city circulate right into a junta dictatorship 60 half II THE early life OF THE POST-REVOLUTIONARY ORDER (DECEMBER I974-FEBRUARY I977) four T h e socio-economic reforms of 1975 five T h e upsurge of political businesses 123 6 clinical socialism a n d the constitution of the govt 156 From a j u n t a to an autocratic dictatorship 173 7 Vll eighty five Vlll CONTENTS half III CONSOLIDATION OF energy (FEBRUARY I nine 7 7 SEPTEMBER I987) eight The removal of inner and exterior threats to Mengistu's energy 205 nine The formation of the staff' social gathering of Ethiopia 227 10 The formalization of strength throughout the 1987 structure: * organizational operation' in motion 265 eleven end 299 Postscript Appendix: chronology of occasions 344 378 Notes Bibliography 384 418 Index 425 Maps and tables Map i Map 2 desk i desk 2 The Horn of Africa Administrative divisions Gross family fabricated from 1970/1971 at consistent issue fee 1960/1961 Distribution of tenants IX web page xiv XV ninety three 107 A cknowledgements learn of this stature calls for lengthy hours of difficult and lonesome paintings day-by-day for numerous years.

If this is often right, progressive Flame will be the final of the political 134 early life OF POST-REVOLUTIONARY ORDER businesses to have come into lifestyles; it was once might be verified your time in early 1976. it sounds as if, in the course of encounters among significant Mengistu and AESM leaders, the latter have been familiar with giving weight to what they have been announcing by way of reminding him that they have been talking on behalf of a firm. significant Mengistu wanted no reminding; it used to be transparent to a person that AESM used to be utilizing the authentic boards (like the mass corporations, and, later, POMOA and its branches, and chat groups in all places of work) to recruit individuals and develop by way of leaps and boundaries.

The main constant adherents of pan-Islamism were Saudi Arabia and the Gulf states. so far as its implications for Ethiopia are involved, panArabism is a edition of an identical subject matter. Article 7 of the 1947 Ba'th occasion Programme supplied: The Arab homeland is that a part of the globe inhabited by means of the Arab country which stretches from the Taurus Mountains, Poucht-I-Kouh Mountains, the Gulf of Basra, the Arab Ocean, the Ethiopian mountains, the Sahara, the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean. ' therefore, the Ba'thist governments of Syria and Iraq will be proponents of carving out the Ethiopian lowlands and annexing them into the higher Arabian native land.

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